HLC Logo

A Division of Maynor & Mitchell

Types of Laser Vision Correction

In an effort to offer innovative procedures to all patients who seek vision correction, Huntsville Laser Center provides the latest advancements in LASIK technology, such as custom LASIK and iLASIK, in addition to other laser vision correction procedures, including PRK and LASEK. Our refractive surgeon Dr. Mitchell has the experience to determine the proper treatment to correct your vision and the compassion to listen to your unique vision needs and goals. Our patients trust Huntsville Laser Center for their vision correction needs. To schedule your free initial laser vision correction consultation, contact Huntsville Laser Center.

Lady in Park

Types of LASIK

Of the different types of laser vision correction techniques, traditional LASIK is the most commonly performed. In a very straight-forward procedure, a blade creates a flap on the surface of the eye. A laser then reshapes the cornea, altering the way it focuses light to the retina, thus improving vision errors such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The downside to traditional LASIK are the risks associated with the blade (microkeratome) used to create the flap. The majority of complications with LASIK stem from the use of this blade. This blade also limits the surgeon’s choices in the design of the flap.

While LASIK is the most common, there are many other  laser vision correction techniques.


We’re proud to offer iLASIK, one of the latest innovations in laser vision correction, to our patients in the Huntsville area. Suitable for a wider range of candidates than traditional LASIK, including those with thin corneas or high prescriptions, iLASIK delivers dramatically improved vision results with increased safety and precision.

Monovision LASIK

LASIK technology allows your surgeon tremendous flexibility in treating vision problems throughout the lifespan of your eyes. Monovision laser vision correction is one method Dr. Mitchell uses to help people with presbyopia maintain and improve their vision capabilities.

Presbyopia is the term for the slow reduction of the eye’s ability to focus, which causes difficulty with near vision starting at around age 40. The concept of monovision is to correct each eye to a different point on the vision spectrum. Generally, one eye will be corrected for distance vision, and one eye for near vision. Patients treated in this manner learn to rely on each eye for different visual tasks, as opposed to traditional “binocular” vision treatments, in which both eyes share the workload at all points in the spectrum.

The monovision LASIK surgery is similar to the conventional LASIK surgery in that a flap will be created in the cornea with a laser, and the cornea will be reshaped using a safe and accurate excimer laser. The only difference is that each eye will be purposely corrected to a different point in the vision spectrum. Using this technique, presbyopic patients in their 40s and beyond can maintain their visual acuity without having to rely on bifocal lenses.

Custom LASIK

While all LASIK procedures are tailored to each patient’s specific vision needs, most people will benefit from the further refinements and enhancements that are available with custom LASIK. Custom LASIK employs extremely sophisticated WaveFront technology, which produces a detailed, 3-dimensional analysis of the cornea and its vision aberrations. This highly accurate information is then used to program the laser that reshapes the cornea during the custom LASIK procedure.

At your free screening, our Refractive Coordinators will help you understand the difference between traditional and custom LASIK, and give you the information you need to decide which procedure is right for you. Please contact us today to schedule a free screening for laser vision correction at our office in Huntsville.


LASEK is ideal for patients who have had previous RK (radial keratotomy) surgery and are not ideal candidates for the LASIK procedure. The LASEK procedure is very similar to PRK in that no flap is created. The outer skin layer of the cornea (epithelium) is loosened by applying an alcohol-based solution, and pushed back. Then, the surface of the cornea is reshaped with the Excimer laser. Once the reshaping has been completed, the epithelium is brought back over the cornea to heal.


PRK, or photorefractive keratectomy, is another method of treating vision problems such as farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism. Similar to LASIK, PRK treatment involves reshaping the cornea of the eye with an excimer laser. The major difference between LASIK and PRK is that during the PRK procedure, the exterior surface of the cornea is reshaped, while during the LASIK procedure, a flap is created and the interior surface of the cornea is reshaped.

There are benefits to both types of laser surgery. Since PRK treats the surface of the eye, the healing period is slower, and the improvements associated with laser vision correction can take a few days or months to become fully apparent.

MMEC Logo Transparent

(256) 533-0315

Huntsville Office
3501 S Memorial Pkwy, Suite 200
Huntsville, AL 35801

Guntersville Office
11886 US Hwy 431
Suite C
Guntersville, AL 35976